石油学报(石油加工) ›› 2020, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 1161-1168.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-8719.2020.06.006

• 化学链燃烧 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于改性铁矿石载氧体的煤化学链转化

王海涛1,2,3,林延1,2,魏国强1,2,黄振1,2,4,赵增立1,2,房倚天4,5,李海滨1,2,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 广州能源研究所, 广东 广州 510640;
    2. 中国科学院 可再生能源重点实验室,广东 广州 510640;
    3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049;
    4. 中国科学院 洁净能源创新研究院,辽宁 大连 116023;
    5. 中国科学院 山西煤炭化学研究所,山西 太原 030001
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-24 修回日期:2020-07-13 出版日期:2020-11-25 发布日期:2020-12-02
  • 通讯作者: 黄振,男,副研究员,博士,从事固体燃料化学链转化研究,Tel: 020-87057716, E-mail:huangzhen@ms.giec.ac.cn E-mail:huangzhen@ms.giec.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:第一作者:王海涛,男,硕士研究生,从事煤化学链转化研究
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51776210)和中国科学院洁净能源创新研究院合作基金项目(DNL180205)资助

Chemical Looping Conversion of Coal Using Modified Iron Ore Oxygen Carrier

 WANG Haitao1,2,3, LIN Yan1,2, WEI Guoqiang1,2, HUANG Zhen1,2,4, ZHAO Zengli1,2, FANG Yitian4,5, LI Haibin1,2,4   

  1. 1. Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, China;
    2. CAS Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy Research and Development, Guangzhou 510640, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    4. Dalian National Laboratory for Clean Energy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China;
    5. Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Taiyuan 030001, China 
  • Received:2020-04-24 Revised:2020-07-13 Online:2020-11-25 Published:2020-12-02
  • Supported by:
     

摘要:

采用混合煅烧法分别合成了K、Na、Ca、Ni、Mn、Cu修饰改性的铁矿石载氧体,利用X射线衍射(XRD)和H2程序升温还原(H2-TPR)对其理化性质进行表征,并基于热重实验考察改性载氧体与褐煤的反应性能。结果表明:由于固溶体新物相的生成,6种改性后铁矿石载氧体的反应活性均明显高于改性前;其中K改性铁矿石载氧体的反应性能优于Na、Ca改性铁矿石载氧体,Cu、Ni改性铁矿石载氧体的反应性能优于Mn改性铁矿石载氧体;铁矿石载氧体与褐煤混合质量比在5/5至6/4时反应性能最佳;K改性铁矿石载氧体与褐煤的反应性能高于Ni改性铁矿石载氧体的。

关键词: 化学链, 载氧体, 铁矿石, 褐煤

Abstract:

Oxygen carriers modified by K, Na, Ca, Ni, Mn and Cu were synthesized by the mixed calcination method. The physical and chemical properties of the oxygen carriers were firstly characterized using the X-ray diffraction (XRD) and H2 temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR), and then the reaction performance of the modified oxygen carriers with lignite was studied based on the thermogravimetric experiments. The H2-TPR experiments found that the reactivity of six modified oxygen carriers was significantly higher than that of unmodified oxygen carrier due to the formation of new phases in solid solution. The reactivity of K modified iron ore is better than that of Na and Ca modified iron ore and the reactivity of Cu and Ni-modified iron ore is better than that of Mn modified iron ore. The thermogravimetric experiments found that the best reaction performance between the iron ore and the lignite is achieved at the mixed ratio of 5/5-6/4. The K-modified iron ore has a higher reactivity than the Ni-modified iron ore for lignite conversion.

Key words: chemical looping, oxygen carrier, iron ore, lignite

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