石油学报(石油加工) ›› 2015, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (1): 178-187.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-8719.2015.01.028

• 综述 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物质热解油的特性及精制

桑小义,李会峰,李明丰,李大东   

  1. 中国石化 石油化工科学研究院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-26 修回日期:2014-07-08 出版日期:2015-02-25 发布日期:2015-05-06
  • 通讯作者: 李明丰,男,教授级高级工程师,博士,从事加氢催化剂与工艺的研究;Tel:010-82368907,E-mail:limf.ripp@sinopec.com E-mail:limf.ripp@sinopec.com
  • 作者简介:桑小义,女,博士研究生,从事加氢催化剂与工艺的研究;Tel:010-82368083;E-mail:sangxy.ripp@sinopec.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家高技术研究发展计划“863”项目(2012AA051803)资助

The Properties and Upgrading of Bio-Oil

SANG Xiaoyi, LI Huifeng, LI Mingfeng, LI Dadong   

  1. Research Institute of Petroleum Processing, SINOPEC, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2014-03-26 Revised:2014-07-08 Online:2015-02-25 Published:2015-05-06

摘要: 生物质热解油是生物质通过快速热解而得到的液体产物,可作为理想的石油替代能源。综述了生物质热解油的研究现状,重点介绍了生物质热解油的性质、预处理方法和化学组成,讨论了目前采用的精制生物质热解油方法,如催化加氢、催化裂化、乳化、催化酯化和水蒸气重整的特点,展望了生物质热解油的研究方向,并提出了相关建议。

关键词: 生物质热解油, 性质, 预处理, 化学组成, 精制

Abstract: Bio-oil as an ideal alternative fuel is the liquid product from fast pyrolysis of biomass. The research status about bio-oil is reviewed. The properties, pretreatment methods and chemical composition are mainly introduced. The characteristics of upgrading methods for bio-oil are discussed, such as catalytic hydrogenation, catalytic cracking, emulsification, catalytic esterification and steam reforming. Research direction of bio-oil is prospected, and advice is point out.

Key words: bio-oil, properties, pretreatment, chemical composition, upgrading