石油学报(石油加工) ›› 2018, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (4): 639-650.doi: 10.3969.j.issn.1001-8719.2018.04.001

• 特约报告 •    下一篇

非贵金属单原子催化剂的研究进展

吴耿煌1,黄凰2,荣峻峰1,达志坚1   

  1. 1. 中国石化 石油化工科学研究院,北京 100083;
    2. 国民核生化灾害防护国家重点实验室,北京 102205
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-20 修回日期:2017-12-12 出版日期:2018-07-25 发布日期:2018-09-26
  • 通讯作者: 达志坚,男,教授级高级工程师,博士,从事催化新材料与反应工程的集成研究;Tel:010-82368390;E-mail:dazhijian.ripp@sinopec.com E-mail:dazhijian.ripp@sinopec.com
  • 作者简介:第一作者:吴耿煌,男,博士,从事纳米碳/金属复合材料的制备及应用研究;Tel:010-82368911
  • 基金资助:
    中国石油化工股份有限公司碳基纳米材料的研究项目(217013)资助

Recent Advances in Non-Noble Metal Single Atom Catalysts

WU Genghuang1, HUANG Huang2, RONG Junfeng1, DA Zhijian1   

  1. 1. Research Institute of Petroleum Processing, SINOPEC, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of NBC Protection for Civilian, Beijing 102205, China
  • Received:2017-11-20 Revised:2017-12-12 Online:2018-07-25 Published:2018-09-26

摘要: 单原子催化剂最大限度地提高金属利用率,提升催化剂的性能,并促进对多相催化的过程与机理的认识向原子级别层面深入。近年来非贵金属单原子催化剂发展迅猛,在某些特定反应中已达到媲美甚至超越贵金属催化的性能,为贵金属催化剂的替代提供了新的可能,表现出了极大的应用前景。综述了近年来非贵金属单原子催化剂的制备、表征方法及其在电催化、加氢及脱氢反应、液相氧化反应、光催化还原CO2等领域的应用研究进展,同时展望了非金属单原子催化剂的发展趋势。

关键词: 单原子催化剂, 非贵金属, 电催化, 光催化

Abstract: Single-atom catalysts (SACs) maximize the efficiency of metal atom use, improve the performance of catalysts and lead the understanding in heterogeneous process deep into atomic scale. Recent developments in non-noble metal SACs offer new opportunities for the replacement of noble metal catalysts. Non-noble metal SACs exhibited catalytic activity and selectivity comparable and even superior to noble metal catalysts in some specific reactions with great potential for industrial applications. Herein, recent advances in preparation, characterizations, and the application in electrocatalysis, hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions, catalytic oxidations in liquid-phase and photocatalysis of non-noble metal SACs are summarized. Finally, current challenges and prospective for the development of non-noble metal SACs are discussed.

Key words: single-atom catalyst, non-noble metal, electrocatalysis, photocatalysis